Cataract is an eye disease which caused by loss of the transparency of transparent lens in the eye due to various reasons. It is welded on age for 90%. Although it is seen less, secondary cataracts can be observed due to trauma, some systemic diseases, eye disorders such as uveitis and some drugs such as steroids.
Congenital cataracts may occur in infants because of the rubella which was previous in pregnancy, antivirals which are used in pregnancy and such like reasons.
Shapeless and blurred vision
Difficult or faded perception of colors
Difficulty seeing in the evening
Frequent change of contact lenses or glasses
Loss of depth sense
Eyestrain and headache
HOW IS THE CATARACT TREATMENT DONE?
The only treatment for cataract is surgery. There is no treatment with medicine. If the patient's vision is inadequate and diagnostic, surgical decision can be made. Waiting for cataracts to mature is not the right decision.
Because mature cataract operations are more difficult than others, healing periods may be late.
CATARACT SURGERY WITH FEMTOSECOND LASER
Femtosecond Laser, which is called Bladeless cataract surgery, provides many processes close to perfect by the surgeon during cataract surgery. Visual impairments like myopia, hyperopia and astigmatism can be avoided while the cataract surgery with trifocal lenses.
The surgery starts with your doctor making laser shots with the high-technology Femtosecond Laser to the lens capsule located on the eye, and then the lens, which has lost its function with the help of laser, is divided into small pieces and these parts are removed with the help of another device. After this stage, artificial intraocular lens is placed in your eyes which will stay a lifetime, in place of the cataractous lens.
THE ADVANTAGES OF THE FEMTOSECOND LASER SURGERY
To be done with the computer-controlled system
There is very short stay time in the eye and therefore the tissues are being protected.
Elimination of the risk of rupture opening by laser of the membrane in front of the cataract lens.
It is possible to separate the cataracted lens into small pieces as much as possible with the laser. Thus, damage to the surrounding tissues is prevented.
CATARACT SURGERY WITH PHACOEMULSIFICATION
Surgery starts with the creation of an incision in the cornea, which is the outer transparent layer of the eye. Then, with the help of ultrasound (a device that emits a sound wave), the lens that has lost its function in your eye is divided into pieces and these parts are removed with the same device. An artificial intraocular lens is placed in your eye which will stay for lifetime.
Artificial intraocular lens types used in cataract surgery
Monofocal Intraocular Lens: It provides long distance vision.
Monofocal Toric Intraocular Lens: It provides long distance vision, fixes astigmatism.
Multifocal Intraocular Lens: It provides long and close distances vision.
Multifocal Toric Intraocular Lens: It provides long and close distances vision, fixes astigmatism
Trifocal Intraocular Lens: It provides long, medium, close distances vision.
Trifocal Toric Intraocular Lens: It provides long, medium, close distances vision, fixes astigmatism.
NEED-TO-KNOW BEFORE SURGERY
Medicines which are used for systemic diseases such as diabetes, blood pressure and asthma should continue to be taken on the day of surgery.
In the day of surgery, you should come without make-up, you should avoid using deodorant or perfume.
During surgery, special surgical clothes will be worn for you in terms of hygiene.
You should not move your head and eyes shortly during surgery.
You can go home after a while.
NEED-TO-KNOW AFTER THE SURGERY
Do not in any way rub your operated eye, avoid pressure-exerting movements.
Do not lie on your operative eye.
Avoid severe bodily movements.
Consult your doctor when you can do swimming, diving and other water sports.
Most importantly, you should use the medication recommended by your doctor after the operation and you should always come to your controls regularly.
SURGERY AND HEALING PERIOD
Cataract surgery is completed in about 10-15 minutes after numbing and raising the pupil. The time taken for the patient to have a normal vision after surgery varies depending on the difficulty of the operation and the rigidity of the cataract. Within 7 to 15 days a very good sight is reached. The patient will recover completely within 15 days to 30 days.
7 - 15 days within a very good sight point is reached. The patient will recover completely within 15 days to 30 days. A patient who has been operated at the right time can recover within 1-2 days.
DOES CATARACT REPEAT AFTER THE SURGERY?
There is no recurrence of cataract after cataract surgery. In the case of "cataract came into my eye again", the capsule portion of the lens becomes thick and reduces vision. In this case, surgery is not necessary and "YAG LASER" treatment is opened within 1-2 minutes by opening the capsule is provided.