Strabismus is a visual defect in which the parallels of the eyes become distorted and look in different directions. While one eye looking straight, the other is looking inward, outward or downward. Strabismus is a common condition between children and may also occur in the years ahead. Cross-eye in early diagnosis in which treatment is of great importance can lead to irreversible vision loss in later ages.
WHAT ARE THE REASONS OF STRABISMUS?
Each eye has six muscles that control its movement by sticking to the outside. Two muscles draw one eye to the right or left. The other four muscles move the eye up or down at certain angles. All the muscles must work together and in balance so that the eyes can focus parallelly on a specific target.
Strabismus is more common in children with problems such as oxygen-free molds, Down syndrome and brain tumors. Cataracts or eye injuries can also impair vision and cause strabismus.
HOW CAN STRABISMUS BE DIAGNOSED?
Strabismus diagnosis is made as a result of eye examination. All children must be examined before they reach the age of four. If the family has a history of strabismus or lazy eye vision can be tested before. Babies' eyes usually look like they are cross. Since the nasal root of small children is flattened and wide, there is also a skin residue on the nose of the eyes, it seems like the eyes have strabismus. As the child grows, this situation disappears. This is called a pseudo strabismus. But the real strabismus does not get better. Your ophthalmologist distinguishes between real and pseudo strabismus.
Strabismus is divided into two main groups;
Type of paralysis of the muscles that move the eye and the type of muscle paralysis in which the viewpoints of all eyes are the same.
Muscle paralysis is more common in adults than in children under the age of 6 years.
Childhood strabismus hereditary transition, hereditary diseases, head traumas, mental retardations, congenital abnormalities in the eye muscles, disruptive eye diseases (cataracts, eye tumors, etc.) that require glasses and refractive defects are the causes of strabismus.
In adults, diabetes, arteriosclerosis, traumas may be the cause of strabismus in some eye diseases.
HOW DOES STRABISMUS TREATMENT?GLASSES: Some strabismus defects can be treated with glasses. Strabismus improves when the patient starts to wear glasses.
ORTOPTIC: Orthopedic treatment can be applied to gain both visual and visual sense. These two functions are very important in our daily lives as well as keeping the eyes in parallel.
SURGERY: Congenital cross-eye, which usually do not require glasses, are necessitate surgeries in the early stages. The majority of slips occur around 2-3 years of age and can usually be improved by glasses.