Pterygium means the conjunctival membrane overlying the transparent layer of the eye is thickened and progressed over the outer lens (cornea) of the eye by excessive vascularize. It is usually seen on the side of the eye near the nose. The disease, known as the "bird wing" among the colloquially. Initially leads to complaints such as bleeding, burning and stinging from time to time. It closes the visual axis and causes permanent visual defects when it progresses to the pupil.
PTERYGIUM SURGERY WITH AUTOGRAFT
The treatment of pterygium is surgery. In pterygium surgery, it's not enough just to take out the pterygium. The place should surely covered with a graft and should made a limbal stem cell transplant to the place. In the autograft pterygium surgery, the conjunctival tissue, which is located underneath upper or lower lid, is taken according to the size of pterygium and adhered to the pterygium area where is cleaned with special tissue adhesive.
WHO CAN HAVE PTERYGIUM?
If one of the family members have pterygium, there is a chance of being seen in other individuals. Another factor is the sun's rays. Sun rays, cover and cornea due to the structure, close to the nose of our eyes are collected in the region. Because of the sunlight coming into this place, limbal stem cell deaths begin. When between the cornea, conjunctiva and the eye membrane begin to deteriorate the stem cells in the limbus, the conjunctiva is activated and jumping over the dead cells and adhering to the corneal tissue. In addition, allergies and dryness of the eye accelerate this process.
WHAT SHOULD BE PAID ATTENTION AFTER SURGERY?
Operated eye may have a stinging sensation for one week and redness for a month.
Using sunglasses can stop the increase of pterygium.
It may be necessary to change the glasses after the surgery.
Changing of the glasses can be done after about one month.
Since the number of glasses will change depending on the astigmatism, it is considered that to have an examination every six months is suitable.